Report by Pierre Le Clercq.

After the cities of Moscow in 1999, San Marino in 2001 and 2003 and the Hague, it was this year's tour of Paris to welcome all participants of the Fourth International Symposium on genealogy, organized by the International Academy of genealogy ( chaired by Mr. Michel Teillard of Eyrie), this under the patronage of Minister of Culture. The great architect of the event was Jean Morichon, former president of the French Federation of genealogy, which had already prepared in the past a national conference and a genealogy in Bourges International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences in Besancon.

The International Academy of genealogy is a new institution. Founded as a counterweight to the venerable International Academy of Heraldry in the International Confederation of genealogy and heraldry, it is symbolized by a tree planted on the north pole of the earth, whose branches support a sign with wholesale characters letters AIG. Under this new logo was the site of the fourth international conference, from Monday 10 to Friday, October 14, 2005 in the great hall of the Mairie of the 4th district of Paris. The general theme of the meeting was "Genealogy and New World." Most speakers came forth on the topic came from Russia, Canada, France and the United States, and presentations were held mainly in English and French.

 


 

Monday, October 10, 2005

Unfortunately I was not able to attend the first day of the conference, being held by professional obligations. Earlier this afternoon, gentlemen Marcel Fournier and Jean Morichon however, opened the series of lectures with a presentation on family origins of the pioneers of old Quebec, followed by another address by Mr. Jacques Mathieu, on its part trajectories of various individual and family in New France. Gentlemen Poton Didier Bertrand van Ruymbeke and then presented their work on the Huguenots in America, and Mr. Pier Felice degli Uberti treated, in Italian, a subject on the original imaginary genealogies of native families of the New World. Nathalie Sakharov and his colleague Mr. Alexander Boukreev have ended the first day of the conference by presenting the Russian emigres in the United States after the Revolution of 1917 and their descendants.

 


 

Tuesday, October 11, 2005

The second day of the conference began with remarks by Mrs. Alla Krasko the exiled Russian noble families in the New World. This presentation, delivered in English, has shown that many descendants of Russian princes now living in Canada or the United States. Princes Galitzin and Gagarin, for example, saw their posterity respective refuge on the other side of the Atlantic. The same applies to Counts Cheremetiev, two separate branches have become American. In a second statement issued in English, Mr. Boris Morozov was chained to a similar topic, prepared in collaboration with a U.S. citizen named Russell Martin, to discuss either the Russian aristocracy in exile, already presented by Ms. Alla Krasko, but families boyars of Moscow to enter the Duma in the seventeenth century and their descendants living in America today. Again, it was clear that the Russian Revolution of 1917 led the privileged of the old regime to flee abroad, all the host countries in Europe were most often just one step on the way the United States or Canada.

The morning continued with a conference expected to Ms. Myriam Provence, to whom Jean Morichon asked to describe in detail the records of the recording, she knows very well to consult them often. The speaker reviewed, including research tools, the alphabetical tables of vendors and purchasers, those marriage contracts, wills, and especially the tables of succession and absences to trace people away. In Proceedings of the conference, to be published within a year, the speaker will provide concrete examples of the inhabitants of the New World, found through the various records kept by the French offices of the registration.

Marcel Fournier, president since June 1999 the French-Canadian Genealogical Society of Montreal, then took the floor to discuss five centuries of Brittany in French America, this from 1504 to 2004. Of the 11,275 French who were married in Canada from 1604 to 1765, there were indeed 553 who came from Britain, the total number of Britons, singles included, totaling 2380 individuals during the short period of 161 years before the conquest of French Canada by the English. At the end of presentation, the speaker presented a major work of some 511 pages he has released on the subject, entitled The Bretons in French America (1504-2004), published by Editions Rennes Les Portes du Large ( 35 euros).

The morning ended with a conference miss Marielle Bourgeois, born in Montreal and living in California, who spoke of Acadia, the first French colony in America to Congress describing the lives and experiences of the French in Acadia in the seventeenth century, and the consequences of the deportation of the Acadians in 1755. Founded as early as 1604, four years before the city of Quebec, the French colony of Acadie welcomed mostly nationals of Touraine and Poitou. In 1755, some 16,000 Acadians were deported by the British, and 8,000 of them who survived the poor conditions of the deportation were dispersed in the West Indies and the coasts of the North American colonies or the Falklands, some having even been kept in the hold for seven years in various ports of England. In 1763, the Acadians imprisoned in British ports were transferred to France, the King of Spain then recruited 1726 of them in 1785 to implant in Louisiana where they became Cajuns. Other Acadians, meanwhile, had already left for most Caribbean and North American shores to settle in Quebec, sometimes returning to Acadia in spite of the presence of the English who had taken their land. The speaker said that his first ancestor, Jacques Bourgeois, husband of Jeanne Trahan, was the first surgeon to settle in Acadia. After lunch, taken together at the back of the hall of the town hall, the afternoon began with a French communication from Mr. Stanislas Doumine, on the Romanovs and their offspring morganatic the New World. Members of the Russian imperial dynasty who escaped abroad during the so-called October Revolution, in fact, eventually found asylum in Canada and the United States, they or their immediate descendants. All these Romanov refugees in North America have contracted various marriages with commoners, prohibiting the lawful issue of misalliances after one day to claim the imperial throne of Russia. Most of these descendants untitled, moreover, no longer speak the Russian language.

Jean Cantacuzene, from a royal family that ruled Constantinople in the fourteenth century, then took the microphone to discuss the U.S. Cantacuzene arrived via Siberia and Japan. He said that the capture of Constantinople by the Turkish Emperor Mehmet II, May 29, 1453, had pushed Cantacuzene to take refuge in Romania, where a branch is part settled in Russia in 1711. In the nineteenth century, a member of the Russian branch married in Newport, United States, the granddaughter of the famous General Julia Grant, who was born in the White House in Washington. The couple lived in Russia until the October Revolution, forcing Julia Grant to send their children to the United States through Siberia, to Japan.

Two Russian speakers then took over in English. The first, Mr. Igor Sakharov spoke of the Russian Genealogical and Historical Society of America, based in the United States after the October Revolution by Russian political refugees who wish to perpetuate abroad all their work on the family history of their country, now banned in Russia. Miss Julia Poliansky then presented a study with Anna and Svetlana Patrakov Boukreev recounting the lives of three Russian genealogists in America: Leonid Saviolov (1868-1947), Nicolas Plechko (1886-1959) and Nicolas Mazaraki (1905-1965).

The day ended with the last two speeches. Madame Elisabeth Morin-Gallat addressed by treating an original subject of genealogy as a tool to explore the musical practice in New France. She said her research led her to discover musicians previously unknown in Quebec, as well as dance masters, and to reconstruct their respective family backgrounds. Among the pioneers of music in Canada, has appointed Jean-Baptiste Tardif, who also earned his living making beer, and organist Jean Girard, a native of Bourges, who left a manuscript known as the Book organ of Montreal (a street has been dedicated recently in his hometown, at the request of Jean Morichon).

Then Anne-Marie de Cockborne closed the second day of the Paris conference, referring to the Luberon Vaudois allowed to enter, forced to leave. The Waldenses, in fact, came from the Italian side of the Alps and followers of the religious sect founded in 1170 by Peter Valdes, had settled in the Luberon Mountains, sandwiched between the Durance to the south and north Calavon. In 1532, rejected by the Catholic Church of Rome, they have adhered massively to reforming Calvinist Geneva, April 16, 1545 suffering severe repression during which 3000 of them were killed and 700 others sent to the galleys. Part of the Vaudois had to flee when the Luberon to go to find refuge in Geneva. Those who could stay at home, between the Durance and Calavon, however, were forced to abjure Calvinism of 20 to 22 October 1685, following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, or going to join any 300,000 Huguenots who preferred to leave France for ever, reinforcing all the Protestant principalities of Germany, which had been depopulated during the Thirty Years War. After this large wave of emigration religion, the Luberon Vaudois experienced a second wave of emigration in the nineteenth century, this time for economic reasons: they went to colonize Algeria in large numbers, or parties settle Across the Atlantic, Uruguay and the United States.

At 18:30, one hour after the conference, some participants of the fourth international conference was received in Paris at the residence of Mr. Clément Duhaime, Quebec Delegate General in France, this is to celebrate the official launch of the book of Marcel Fournier called the Britons in French America. I have not failed to respond to the invitation I had been addressed, the author of the book have thanked all those who, like me, had actively collaborated in the past research in France Ancestors of Quebecers. I was able to drink to the memory of the pioneer Yonne Germain Lepage, Ouanne party in the middle of the seventeenth century to found in the lower valley of the St. Lawrence, Canada, the city of Rimouski.

 


 

Wednesday, October 12, 2005

The third day of the fourth international conference of genealogy began with a lecture in French Michèle Champagne, who traced the life of his ancestor Charles Aurillon said Champagne, Private Mason Acadia. Baptized April 22, 1666 in the Church of St. Thomas, La Flèche in the Sarthe, the man left in 1697 for the New World, this as a private builder in the independent companies of the Navy. His nickname Champagne military was given to him because of his native region, the Champagne of Maine. In Acadia, he was employed in the construction of Fort Naxouat, from 1697, and the fort of Port Royal in 1704. Married in 1704 in Port Royal with a Basque named Marie-Anne Bastarache, who will give him nine children, he participated in six battles and the capitulation of Port Royal October 12, 1710, by the oath of allegiance in 1730 to England. He is the ancestor of many people currently living in North America.

Marie-Eve Harton went on to speak of demographic research that it works right now at the University of Laval, Canada. This talk me even more interested as the project manager of this work is Dr. Richard Marcoux, whose ancestor Pierre Marcoux, established in New France in 1652 as a simple mason, was born in 1631 to Cry-on -Armançon, in the Yonne. The speaker, whose purpose was to show the day the operation of Canadian census data and the development of cultural diversity in the New World, used the example of Quebec City from 1851 to 1901, after moving the Canada's capital Ottawa. The departure of the central government and the British garrison led to a progressive francization residents of the city, and again become predominantly Catholic French in the early twentieth century: indeed, while the group of French Catholics grew by increasingly urban, the other three groups, composed of Irish Catholics, Irish Protestants and English Protestants, all English, continues to decrease over time, there were fewer people called Murphy Smith, Kelly, Doyle and Kennedy and more and more side, Bédard, Cagnon, Tremblay and Vézina. The Canadian census data from 1861, 1871 and 1901 are now available on CD-Rom. It is also possible to visit www.phsvq.cieq.ulaval.ca to have access to some 500 000 people captured and digitized from various Canadian censuses conducted from 1851 to 1901.

Then spoke Mr. Bertrand Desjardins, which descends in the male line of a cooper Yonne calling Antoine Roy dit Desjardins, called March 23, 1635 at St-Jean in Joigny in Burgundy, and left for New France in 1665 in the Carignan-Salt to fight the Iroquois, allies of the English in America. The lecturer in charge at the University of Montreal's research program in historical demography, spoke, supporting figures, descent differential immigrants came to Canada under the French regime. Of the 12,249 Canadians records from 1608 to 1760, there were up 77.2% French, originating mainly from Normandy, Ile-de-France, Aunis and Poitou, 14.6% of Acadians who fled the British, 3.8% of nationals of the British Isles, other European 1.9%, 1.1% of Indians having built the settlers by marriage, 0.4% of Africans have been also marry in a church of people and 1.1% undetermined. Of the 12,249 Canadians constitute the founder population of Canada from 1608 to 1760, only 8570 had children, including 6,719 French and Indians or Africans 55 of 175. The disappearance of surnames in Canada has been extensive during the French regime, since 47.2% of the 12,249 Canadian settlers in the corpus did not have any married son. This explains why 95% of Quebecers born before 1800 only covered 1400 different surnames. The speaker also stressed that these are the first settlers who contributed most to the formation of the genetic heritage of Quebec: this heritage is particularly at 68% of the settlers from 1608 to 1679, to 14% over 1680 to 1699, and then to 6% over 1700 to 1729, to 8% over 1730 to 1759, and finally to only 4% of those from 1760 to 1949. All data used in these statistics can be found at Canadian www.genealogie.umontreal.ca.

The morning ended with a communication from Pierre Valery Archassal devoted to genealogy on the Internet and vices and virtues of the new technologies in this field. If Internet is developed in France until 1996, with some delay compared to other advanced countries because of the death throes of the old-fashioned technique of Minitel, Internet users have increased rapidly in the Hexagon since then, since 11 million already counted in the beginning of 2001 and 25 million in the summer of 2005. Internet has attracted to genealogy a lot of people since 2001: they already represent 50% of current genealogists, the percentage of people who began their genealogy before 1996 accounting for only 32% of hunters 'ancestors. Most neo-genealogists, genealogy came to the Internet only, however, are much more adept at tapping away on their computer keyboard to ensure the reliability and relevance of the data found on the canvas, repeating the mistakes of others without citing their sources and their often bulky useless talk genealogy forums available to them. The Internet has certainly allowed quick access to many different sites around the world, but it has cost many users the idea of ​​patience befitting any experienced genealogist.

After lunch, the afternoon began with a presentation by Ghislaine Le Mauff, who told the audience how she could help an American woman named Mary, abandoned shortly after birth and adopted in 1960 in the U.S. to find his birth mother in France, April 5, 2002, a year before the death of the latter. And restored the link between a mother and her adopted daughter in the New World illustrates, according to the speaker, that beyond the borders of genealogy can also restore love.

Miss Marielle Bourgeois, who had already spoken on the eve of the Acadians, then took over the microphone to explain why it took him twenty-seven years of research in France to find the trace of his ancestor John Vigeant said Juliet or The Rose, sent to Canada as a soldier. She eventually discovered that it was not the son of Francis and Jeanne Vigeant Bazin, as he said, but the fourth child, born in 1672, a Protestant named Josiah Vigen, Lord of Villedont, Attorney tax and notary, and his wife Anne Bazin, daughter of Helie Bazin. In order not to reveal his Protestant origin, in a column for Catholics, the young soldier based in Quebec was considered preferable to change the name of his father too marked.

The third day of the conference ended with a conference Bernadette Rossignol, on the particulars of genealogical research in the Caribbean. French colonization of the West Indies began in 1625, the islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique is occupied by the French in 1635. Two books published in 1667 and 1742 allow to know the details of this settlement. In June 1776, King Louis XVI ordered the preservation of public records of the colonies to Versailles in order to protect from weather and hazards of war all colonial documents issued by the royal administration. Censuses were conducted in the Caribbean, to know the names of men capable of bearing arms in defense of the islands. The colonial archives were established to oversee and administer as free men or freedmen. The slaves of African origin are entered into the public domain on the occasion of the abolition in 1815 and 1848 of slavery by the French authorities. The new freedmen were then identified by the massive and rapid allocation of family names, adding to the onomastic Caribbean heritage.

At the end of that communication, conference participants were invited to visit all the historical center of the National Archives, at the Hotel de Soubise. An assistant to management has led us through the maze of long corridors of the deposit, the highlight of the visit was the iron, open gloved hands by three successive keys, which houses the most valuable documents of the country. We could see well, out of their cases, the original copy of the constitution of 1958, the standard meter and standard kilogram, the famous diary of Louis XVI in which he had written "nothing" as of July 14 1789, Louis XIV's will that his hand has written August 2, 1714 in Marly-le-Roi, and a parchment dated November 1246 by which the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen King allowed St. Louis to make stops in Sicily at its next crusade in the Holy Land, assuring to be able to refuel at a good price with the Sicilians.




 
Friday, October 14, 2005

No conference having been scheduled for Thursday, October 13, 2005, the day set aside to visit the Palace of Versailles and the departmental archives of Yvelines, this is just the day after this short break tourism What resumed the work of colloquium. The morning began with a communication from Mrs. Jeannine Ouellet, on the French who settled in the Lower St. Lawrence before 1700. It is August 10, 1535 that the explorer Jacques Cartier gave the name of the St. Lawrence River along which he had discovered in Canada. From 1580 to 1637, the Basques have regularly attended the estuary of the river, attracted by the fishing grounds but also by the fur trade, opening a permanent trading post in 1599 in the region. After the founding of Quebec City in 1608, up 53 estates were created from 1623 to 1653 by French settlers on both banks of the river. The vast region of Lower St. Lawrence was then colonized in turn, La Pocatière southwest to northeast Matane, despite the war between the French to the English in North America from 1689 to 1697 . Of the 72 estates that were created in the Lower St. Lawrence, were founded by two natives of the Yonne: Nicolas Huot said St. Lawrence, called October 3, 1631 at Auxerre at the font of the Saint -Loup, and René Lepage said St. Clair, called April 10, 1656 at Ouanne, founder in 1696 of the Canadian city of Rimouski. Nicolas Huot said St. Lawrence was among the French colonists in 1690, prevented the English soldiers led by Phipps to land at Rivière-Ouelle.

Mr. Renald Lessard then went on to addressing the topic of military presence and settlement of New France, by following this particular fate of a thousand soldiers of the rookie of 1750. In the middle of the eighteenth century, the French living in North America were only 15,000 in Acadia and 55,000 along the St. Lawrence, whose 8000 and 4000 in Quebec City to Montreal. It was not against the English million living at the same time in the thirteen North American colonies. To keep the French presence in America, there was in 1748 that 28 independent companies, each with the Navy an average of 29 men, a total of 812 permanent troops. On May 4, 1749, alerted by the increasing pressure of the English toward the Ohio Valley, the French Minister of the Navy commissioned a half-dozen officers stationed in Canada to come and recruit new soldiers in the city. A thousand men have been committed in 1750, representing by far the largest contingent ever sent to North America since 1665, when King Louis XIV had sent a regiment of 1200 men to fight the Iroquois. Five cities were used as recruiting centers in 1750: Paris, Lyon and Grenoble, but Liege and Auxerre. So there were a number of recruits from the Yonne. On April 10, 1750, to organize the defense of its American colonies, King Louis XV decided to increase the number of independent companies of Canada 28-30, and increase the number of men in each company to 29 50, bringing the theoretical number of regular soldiers in North America to 1500 men. Of the 1114 soldiers who were recruited in France and Belgium in 1750, only 1073 are actually parties in Canada, including 55 who died en route. Most, 70% of the quota, were aged from 16 to 25 years. On site, a hundred young recruits get married to Canadian women, especially in 1752, who died unmarried in America numbered 84, and deserters found to have not exceeded the relatively small number of 22 men . In the present state of research, we do not know the exact origin of the 300 thousand soldiers on the 1750 recruits.

The third conference of the morning was given by Mr. Florin Marinescu, who recounted to the audience the itinerant life of a surgeon named Alexander Demetrios Romanian Moruzi purporting to be a doctor Jessy between Venezuela and the United States. Born into an aristocratic family originally from Trabzon in Anatolia, it was related to the late French journalist Yves Morouzi belonging to an illegitimate branch of the family. The presenter showed a series of documents concerning the expatriate surgeon.

Miss Marielle Bourgeois, who had already made two communications in previous days, took the floor to answer a question: who were the first Europeans to discover the island of Manhattan? It is customary to say that it was the Dutch who founded the city of New York. In fact, Holland has hosted on its soil for many religious minorities, who have come together in Amsterdam, Delft and Leiden. This is the port of Leiden that left the English Puritans on the Mayflower to found New England to North America in 1620. In addition to the Puritans, Holland housed Anabaptists, Jews and a large number of French and Walloon Calvinists fleeing religious persecution. On May 20, 1624, a group of some 110 settlers from Leiden landed on the island of Manhattan in the neighborhood of Battery Park. Most, 90% of the workforce, the Walloons were Calvinists, especially from Hainault in 1625, the first settlers of Manhattan have been strengthened by a massive new shipment of Walloons. The nucleus of the population of the island was so French, and the first governor general of the colony, Peter Minuit, who was appointed for six years from 1626, was also a native of Wallon Hainaut. It was he who, for 24 dollars, bought Manhattan Island from the Indians. Other settlers from other religious minorities came to the then aggregate initial core of French-speaking Walloons. Among them was a young Dutchman named Cornelius van Marten Rosenfelt, of Jewish origin, whose family had taken refuge in Holland after being expelled from Spain in 1492. From him descended the two presidents Roosevelt of the United States.

The morning ended with an address by Mr. Denis Racine, who traced the various stages of migration in Quebec from 1760 to 1900, after the surrender of Canada to England. From 1760 to 1815, the British stayed away from the former French colony, preferring to swell the population of the thirteen American colonies. What are other French-speaking Acadians, who in 1763 arrived en masse in Quebec, constituting the first wave of immigration under the British regime. Today, 10% of Quebecers are family names from Acadia. The second wave consisted of demobilized German soldiers hired by England to fight against the American insurgents in number from 27,000 in North America, nearly 10,000 stayed behind after demobilization, some went to live Quebec from 1774 to 1776. Soon after, from 1776 to 1785, a third wave of immigrants has contributed to the settlement of Canada. To house the 80,000 Americans remained loyal to the crown of England, driven out of the United States, the British granted them land in Acadia and created for them the English-speaking province of Ontario. In 1815, after peace was restored in Europe, British soldiers demobilized, as well as Swiss and Spanish soldiers who served in England, were sent to Canada to develop the colony. In 1816 it was 1250 English that were installed in Quebec City. English and Scottish Protestants and Irish Catholics, were added to the demobilized soldiers of French Canada. Most of them, namely 55% of the group of English, lived in only three cities in the nineteenth century, ie Montreal, Sherbrooke and Quebec City. The population of the city of Quebec finally be up to 28% of Anglophones. From 1815 to 1800, other immigrants from Western Europe arrived in Canada, including the French only a third have settled in Quebec. From 1880, Canada received on its soil of Eastern Europeans, especially the Ukrainians who participated en masse in the conquest of the West. The various waves of immigration of the nineteenth century have mostly benefited the city of Montreal, who then took precedence over Quebec City.

After lunch, the afternoon began with a lecture by Mr. Gerard i Marí Brull, Spanish, on the roots of the family of sugar and its migration to America, Hainaut in Cathagène des Indes. At the end of this communication digestive, most delegates listened politely, without understanding a word, Mr. Michel Teillard of Eyrie, finally took the microphone to discuss the king's daughters and their contribution to the settlement of New France. In 1660, more than 50 years after the founding of Quebec in 1608, the French colony in North America was home to only 2500 settlers. The fault lay mainly to Cardinal Mazarin, who, until his death in 1661, did not see the interest of France to develop overseas. Things changed with the coming to power of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, who convinced King Louis XIV to encourage population growth in Canada by sending settlers to marry good girls, recruited from general hospitals and residents pushed to Start by assigning a large dowry given by the king after the wedding. From 1663 to 1673, it was 850 king's daughters who have been sent to Canada, 80 died during the Atlantic crossing. Of the 770 who survived, 737 have found a husband, daughters of choice is all captured by settlers from the city of Quebec, those of second choice by those in Three Rivers
settlers of Montreal had to settle for ugly women that remained. In the end, 33 King's daughters have had to resort to celibacy. Life is better at that time in Canada and France, the king's daughters received a health allowed them to give birth to seven children each on average.

The third speech of the afternoon was given by Ms. Hélène Vézina, whose purpose was to present a genealogical study of the genetic heritage of Quebecers. To estimate the heritability of certain diseases, geneticists in Canada now have a file called Balzac, drawn together by a historian and ascending genealogies of 2223 married from 1945 to 1965 in a Catholic church in Quebec. In this corpus, we find that 78.8% of male ancestors from elsewhere were born in France, for only 61.9% of female ancestors, and that 7.8% of male ancestors from another country came from Acadia, for 22.4% of female ancestors. This suggests that the Acadians who have taken root in Quebec were mainly women and the French who remained were mostly men. Following the presentation of reach demographic, I wanted to express my reservations about the relevance of genetic studies based on a file consists of a family historian. While genetics is an exact science, focusing on the transmission of genes, genealogy is a human science on the transmission of economic assets, professional, cultural and patronymic of the people. One can not ignore a genetic tree sometimes differs from the corresponding tree. The difference is observed is mainly due to the infidelity of women, which differs from the male infidelity in that it produces the most legitimate children, attributed to the deceived husband, whereas men sow not that fickle bastards, easily spotted by genealogists and geneticists. From a genealogical point of view, King Louis XIV was the son of Louis XIII: he inherited his name and his throne. But what is it a strictly genetic? Should the register with his descendants in the tree of Mazarin?

On these questions, the floor was given to Mrs. Helen Servant, who immediately raised the issue of registrar of civil status in Guadeloupe and the consequences of history. Like the city, Guadeloupe has received orders for 1667 and 1736 that forced the priests to ensure the good performance of parish registers, according to precise rules. Black slaves were excluded from these records, however, the Caribbean, except for one that contains the acts of 1720 to 1725 for slaves to Basse-Terre. It was not until 1764 that the baptisms, marriages and burials of blacks began to be recorded in Guadeloupe, on records separate from those of whites. In 1776, for safety, King Louis XVI ordered a double of the public record of the West Indies to be sent to Versailles. In 1794 the English took possession of Guadeloupe, taken six months later by the French. Slavery was abolished immediately on the island, but the insurrection of the blacks in 1801, which ended May 28, 1802, provided a convenient pretext for Napoleon to repeal the abolition. In 1809, the British re-occupied Guadeloupe. They made the priests holding civil status, the French revolutionaries had entrusted to the mayors. They have found their powers until 1816, when the British returned the island to the French. In 1830 it was decided to record the same records the civil registration of all free men, whether black or white, then, from 1832, the enfranchisement of black slaves were all recorded from the birth, the freedmen are considered as human beings born citizenship. The abolition of slavery in 1848 forced the authorities to give a quick name to all former slaves, so that the marital status of Guadeloupe was finally consistent with that of the metropolis.

Jean Morichon, organizer of the conference, then spoke French emigration to Argentina and Brazil in the late nineteenth century. From 1555, Nicolas de Villegagnon had tried to found a colony of French Huguenots in Brazil, but it was destroyed in 1560 by the Portuguese. It was not until the year 1663 the French returned to settle in South America, in Cayenne. In the nineteenth century, they turned to Argentina, whose population has doubled in thirty years, from 1880 to 1910, mainly because of immigration from Europe. In 1889 Argentina hosted the more European immigrants. Of all the French who emigrated in the late nineteenth century in South America, including Brazil and Argentina, there were 96 Berrichons, divided into 41 men, 18 women and 37 children of both sexes.

Ms. Ariane Bruneton closed the day and the series of lectures by submitting to support a proposed House in memory of emigration, designed to collect all the old letters and postcards sent to their families in France by French expatriates. To date, the speaker has already managed to collect some 2,000 letters sent from abroad to residents of the Lower Pyrenees. His intention is to bring people together by showing that the emigration of French in the late nineteenth century was made using the same upheavals as those experienced by today's immigrants from the Third World.

The conference has come to an end, he returned to the Eyrie Teillard Michel, president of the International Academy of genealogy, taking leave of the participants. He announced that the fifth international conference would be held in Genealogy May 2007 in Iasi, Romania, close to the Orthodox monasteries of Moldova. The general theme of the conference will be: Genealogy and international life. A delegate from Canada took the opportunity to announce to turn a year later, the 23 to 28 June 2008, the XXVIII International Congress of Genealogical and Heraldic Sciences would be held in Quebec City, a theme entitled: The meeting of two worlds, quest or conquest. Both appointments are already in my memory, the subjects covered by the speakers of the conference of Paris having revived in me an urgent call of the sea.

The Romanian Institute of Genealogy and Heraldry in Iasi was founded in May 1996 when participants at the XXIII Congress of Genealogy and Heraldry have been the first General Assembly, choosing a President and a Chancellor.

Two years later, in May 1998 during the XXIII Congress, the General Assembly adopted the Constitution and appointed the members of the Scientific Steering Committee. On January 13, 1999, a decision of the Court of Iasi has granted legal personality, under the Act of 1924. In September 2002, the Congress of Dublin, the Institute became a member of the International Confederation of Genealogy and Heraldry.

The company adopted the name of Sever Zotta, one of the most famous Romanian genealogists, genealogical studies enthusiastic promoter and founder of the journal Archives Genealogy (Iasi, 1912-1913). Born in 1874 in Bukovina Austrian Sever Ritter von Zotta was Director of State Archives in Iasi and a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy and died in 1943 in a Soviet concentration camp.

The management of the Institute of Sever Zotta is provided by a Steering Committee, whose current membership was established in 2003: Mr. Mihai Sturdza Sun, President and Mr. Stefan S. Gorovei, Chancellor, Mr. Mircea Ciubotaru, Treasurer Maria Magdalena and M. Szekely. Mihai Ungureanu-Rszvan Zaharinc and Petronella, members. In 2005, Mr. Neagu Djuvara was proclaimed Patron of the Institute.

 


 

The second largest city of Romania, Iasi (or Jassy) - capital of the former Principality of Moldavia from the mid-sixteenth century to the mid-nineteenth - enjoys a beautiful position, justifying its seven hills comparison with Rome (quasi Nova Roma). Once the geographic center of the Principality, it is now a "border town", 17 km distance from the Prut River, which forms the border between Romania and Moldova.

Severely wounded during the Second World War by brutal bombing, the city of Iasi had to endure in the years from 50 to 60 of the twentieth century, other injuries, no less painful: the name of "class struggle" it has eliminated most of the houses that belonged to aristocratic families and bourgeois.

Today, Iasi find, little by little, its traditional place, trying to accommodate the trends of contemporary life to the good sense and good taste inherited from his aristocratic traditions.